How Electronic Language Translators Work

Author's Note

When I took French in college, my instructor (Monsieur Jacobi) cringed every time I spoke his mother tongue. He was always supportive, but I think he was relieved to find out I was majoring in biology. Perhaps I would have been a better French student if I owned an electronic language translator.

Related Articles


  • AT&T Labs, Inc. "Text-to-Speech Frequently Asked Questions." (May 2, 2012)
  • ECTACO, Inc. "Electronic Translators." (May 2, 2012)
  • Franklin Electronic Publishers. "Translators." (May 2, 2012)
  • Jian, Hua-Li, Frode Eika Sandnes, Kris M. Y. Law, Yo-Ping Huang and Yueh-Min Huang. "The role of electronic pocket dictionaries as an English learning tool among Chinese students." Journal of Computer Assisted Learning. July 2009. (May 2, 2012)
  • Lingo Corporation. "Multi-language Translators." (May 2, 2012)
  • Mone, Gregory. "Pocket Translator." World Changing Ideas: Electronics and Robotics. Scientific American. September 2009.
  • Stix, Gary. "The Elusive Goal of Machine Translation." Scientific American. March 2006.
  • TopTenReviews. "2012 Best Electronic Translator Comparisons and Reviews." TechMediaNetwork. (May 2, 2012)