How the Taser Shotgun Shell Works: Author's Note
Attending CES (formerly known as the Consumer Electronics Show) in Las Vegas is something I both look forward to and dread each year. The dread stems from the fact that the show is enormous -- it occupies the Las Vegas Convention Center, a 3.2-million square foot (297,290 square-meter) facility, with exhibition space spilling over into neighboring mega hotels. But each year I somehow discover something I find particularly interesting. The Taser Shotgun Shell definitely falls into that category. It's fascinating technology and absolutely terrifying all in one go. The idea of shooting someone with an electrified slug seems like the stuff out of a science fiction film but it's reality. The stopping power of a Taser is impressive and legitimately scary. The invention left such a huge impression on me -- figuratively speaking -- that I've sought out the Taser booth every year since.
Related HowStuffWorks Articles
- All About Circuits. "Physiological effects of electricity." (Jan. 16, 2009) http://www.allaboutcircuits.com/vol_1/chpt_3/2.html
- Ask Science Theatre. "Why is electricity so dangerous?" Lansing State Journal. Jan. 8, 1992. (Jan. 16, 2009) http://www.pa.msu.edu/sci_theatre/ask_st/010892.html
- Carman, Brent G. "Sub-lethal, Wireless Projectile and Accessories." U.S. Patent 6,880,466 B2. Filed June 20, 2003 and issued Apr. 19, 2005.
- Carman, Brent G. "Sub-lethal, Wireless Projectile and Accessories." U.S. Patent 7,096,792 B1. Filed Dec. 24, 2004 and issued Aug. 29, 2006.
- CBC News. "Tasers." Sept. 4, 2008. (Jan. 15, 2009) http://www.cbc.ca/news/background/tasers/
- Crane, David. "TASER XREP Less-Lethal Shotgun Round." Defense Review. Sept. 1, 2008. (Jan 16, 2009) http://www.defensereview.com/taser-xrep-extended-range-electronic-projectile-less-lethal-shotgun-round/
- Encyclopedia Britannica. "Opuntia." 2009. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. 16 Jan. 2009 http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/430610/Opuntia.
- Johnson, Andrew. "Taser's stock hurt by 1st lawsuit loss." Arizona Central. June 10, 2008. (Jan. 15, 2009) http://www.azcentral.com/business/articles/2008/06/10/20080610biz-taser0610.html
- Martin, Charlotte. "High voltage: How safe are the cops' new Tasers?" Yale Daily News. Nov. 29, 2006. (Jan. 16, 2009) http://www.yaledailynews.com/articles/view/19125
- McNulty, Jr., James F. "Multi-stage Projectile Weapon for Immobilization and Capture." U.S. Patent 6,877,434 B1. Filed Sept. 13, 2003 and issued Apr. 12, 2005.
- National Skeletal Muscle Research Center. "Muscle Physiology." University of California, San Diego. (Jan. 16, 2009) http://muscle.ucsd.edu/index.shtml
- Shalev, Ilan et al. "Non-lethal Wireless Stun Projectile System for Immobilizing a Target by Neuromuscular Disruption." U.S. Patent Application Publication 2007/0101893 A1. Filed June 12, 2006 and published May 10, 2007.
- Smith, Patrick W. and Nerheim, Magne H. "Systems and Methods for Target Impact." U.S. Patent 7,327,549 B2. Filed Jul. 12, 2006 and issued Feb. 5, 2008.
- Taser. "Neuromuscular Incapacitation (NMI)." March 12, 2007. (Jan. 16, 2009) http://www.taser.com/research/technology/Pages/NeuromuscularIncapacitation.aspx
- Taser. "TASER XREP." (Jan. 14, 2009) http://www.taser.com/products/law/Pages/XREP.aspx